Wood carving is a fun, accessible, and creative craft that doesn't require a fancy studio, or equipment. All you need is a piece of wood and something sharp to carve it with. Of course, what kind of wood and what kind of carving tools you pick will affect the difficulty, safety, and result of your wood carving endeavors. In this wood carving for beginners guide, we'll go over some of the most important information a new craftsman or craftswoman needs to know to get started. Are you looking for information and tips for wood working? Check out this introductory wood working course for more info. Otherwise, get ready to learn the basics of wood carving, and unleash your creativity!
Types of Wood Carving
While it might sound like a straightforward discipline, there are actually different types of wood carving techniques. Below is four of the main wood carving styles. It's good to determine which style best fits your abilities, and your desired product, before purchasing materials and supplies. If you're planning on teaching a young child how to wood carve, you might want to opt for something a little safer until they're old enough to handle sharp objects on their own. Learning how to work with clay, or carving a piece of soap with a spoon are good, safe alternatives.
One of the oldest forms of wood carving, whittling is distinct for its sharp, textured cuts that leave knife 'strokes.' The sculptures made with whittling are often very angular. Whittling is done using a whittling or a carving knife.
Unlike carving full sculptures out of wood, relief carving is the process of carving figures into wood. You start out with a flat panel of wood, and carve figures into it, leaving the back flat.
Carving in the Round.
This is like the clay sculpturing of wood cutting. Objects are smooth, angles are rounded - hence the name - and all sides are carved, unlike relief carvings.
Chip carving involves using a knife, chisel, and a hammer. The process is exactly as the name suggests: chipping away at a piece of wood. This can be used to create intricate patterns in wooden plates and boards.
Types of Wood
Once you've decided on your wood carving style, it's time to select the type of wood you want to work with. Butternut and basswood are softer types of wood that are easier for beginners to carve. Butternut offers a nice looking grain if you’re planning to leave your sculpture unpainted. Whatever you choose, make sure you purchase the wood from an art and crafts store or wood supplier. Don't pick up any piece of wood from your lumber pile or garage, especially if you aren't familiar with the different kinds yet. It will only end in frustration. Below is a rundown of some of the different types of wood you can carve with.
Easy to carve, with a fine grain. Light and cream colored. Best for whittling.
Easy to carve, with a coarse grain. Light brown colored with a distinct wood pattern.
Easy to carve, with a medium grain. Soft and cream colored.
Intermediate difficulty to carve, with a medium grain. Distinct reddish color.
Hard to carve, with a medium grain. Very dark brown.
Very hard to carve, with a fine grain. Pinkish brown with a wavy pattern.
Very hard to carve, with a fine grain. Very light cream color.
Very hard to carve, with a medium to coarse grain. Very light, yellowish color.
Types of Wood Carving Tools
You can't carve wood without tools! Make sure you have the proper one to fit the technique you want to use.
Chip Carving Knife:
The most basic wood carving tool. Chip carving knives consist of a blade that is about an inch and a half long, with a long handle designed for comfort, so it doesn't hurt your hand. You can find chip carving knives for around $20. Good, high-quality ones sell for around $50. If you're serious about your craft, it's a valuable investment. A quality chip carving knife will be made of high carbon steel and will not wear out as quickly as a cheap one.
Gouges are curved carving tools that can scoop out large or small areas of wood, depending on how wide their sweep is. U-gouges, V-gouges, and spoon gouges... there are plenty of different types that can be used for carving, shaping, and smoothing surfaces.
Chisels are sharp tools used with mallets for wood chipping techniques. Wood chippers can a rubber mallet on their chisel, instead of a wooden one, to reduce noise and prevent too much wear and tear on their chisel's handle.
Wood Carving Tips
#1 - Learn how to handle a wood carving knife.
Whether you-re using an x-acto knife from the garage, or you went out and purchased a fancy wood carving knife from the supply store, you need to know how to properly handle the tool before starting to dig into a piece of wood. Remember, these are sharp objects you're working with, so you need to be careful. If you're clumsy or unsure of yourself starting out, it's a good idea to wear a carving glove. Wear the glove on the hand you're holding the piece of wood with, not the hand that you're using the knife with. Most importantly, make sure to use your wrist, and not your elbow, to control the knife. This will allow for more control over precise carvings. Also keep your knife sharp, not dull, to make carving easier.
#2 - Cut along the grain.
Before you start carving, you want to determine which direction the grain of the wood is running. You can do this by carving a piece of wood out of a corner, curving out to finish the cut so the wood doesn't rip at the end. Take note of the long, dark streaks running through the wood
#3 - Sketch out your wood cuts.
Don't rush your wood carvings. Any mistake you make is potentially permanent. You'll have to change up your plan to integrate the mistake into the finished product, and that could sacrifice your original vision. To avoid this, it helps to lightly sketch out your cuts and carvings with a pencil. Draw out lines to cut along, and shapes to carve out. It will help you be more precise, and prevent un-fixable mistakes.
Newel posts and finials.
A study shows that people love carved newel posts, original staircases and sometimes the quality of woods such as mahogany and oak. No matter how expensive a new house, you won't find that kind of quality. This is what motivates me to keep carving unique pieces that will adorn your staircases and add value to your house.
If you have a builder's standard ("boring") staircase just replacing few newel posts and/or handrail can make wonders and bring life to your home,
Scroll through my pictures or give me your idea and I will carve some unique pieces especially for you.
Corbels and brackets.
Building an arch, a decorative shelve, bar or simply looking for a way to adorn your kitchen hood or island? Search my wide selection of decorative corbels and brackets and I'm sure you will find what you need. If you can't find what you like I will be happy to carve a custom corbels for you. Any size, any shape, style and decor.
Hand-carved corbels are a popular way to provide space by replacing doorways with "corbelled arches" - and a cost-effective way to add period style and personality to a room, window treatment, doorway and even to furniture. Find a corbel...
Decorative handles and accents.
Have you ever experienced disappointment while shopping for new handles for your cabinets or furniture? I heard from many clients of mine that they couldn't find anything unique or original enough to spruce up their kitchen or bathroom cabinets. If you're like me and looking for those one of a kind accents for your home then I'm here to help you. I love originality and love to design new things. I can carve simple and elegant handles for your cabinets that no one can find in a store or one of a kind unique handles for your furniture, wine cellar door or even entry door. Find a handle...
These are hand carved appliques for furniture that can be incorporated into the structure of the piece - for example in carved ball and claw feet with the acanthus decoration on the knee - or fretted out with the floral swag and acanthus scroll. Rosettes are also a major component of ornament on furniture. You can turn any woodworking project from plain to ornate with these incredibly detailed wood appliques. This is the easiest, most beautiful way to dress up your cabinets, mantle, or other furniture pieces. My appliques are sold unfinished, allowing you to paint, stain, or seal the wood to match whatever you are attaching it to.
Hand carved fireplace mantels.
Wood mantels bring warmth to a room with or without a crackling fire. The fireplace was long ago rendered obsolete as a primary home heating source, yet it remains a favorite gathering place. A beautifully crafted mantel is more than just a shelf on which to display prized possessions and can easily become a conversation piece. If you are looking for a unique, original wooden mantel you came to the right place. We specialize custom-designed and intricately carved fireplace mantels. Find a mantel...
Custom wall art.
Wooden Accents offers a variety of wall hangings to suit many tastes and styles. You will find a wide variety of indoor and outdoor wall decor, wood wall decor, tree wall sculptures and wooden wall art to usher the natural world into your home.
From sinuous wood sculpture to elegant wooden clocks, wood wall art melds the rich natural beauty of wood with the creativity of the artist.
Grille panels widely use as room dividers become more and more popular, because they are the cool way to segment a big room and organize several independent areas. For example you could make a home office for two people or separate a dining area from living room using them. Grille panel offers awesome room dividers which are created specially for modern room interiors. These divider panels are made of MDF material or wood. They are available in different shapes and various colors, which perfectly fit to modern interior design.
My inspiration to carve decorative trophy boards came form my father who was carving them to the order for his fiends who were avid hunters. As a kid I loved to watch my dad to carve. Sometimes he would also carve replicas of deer antlers out of wood. At home I got just a few pieces of his work.
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